Super Tuesday: Caucusing And You!


This is the companion post to my giant Super Tuesday Voting Guide [found here].

I’ll be the first to admit that caucuses can be really overwhelming and confusing if you go into it without knowing what to expect. Tips and personal experience notes based on the last time I caucused, the 2008 Minnesota DFL (Democrat) race follow:

Plan to get to the caucus location early. There’s a good chance there will be multiple precincts meeting in the same building (often a school), and parking is going to be at a premium. This will likely not be the same place you vote for elections. Check out the links below for where to go.

• Caucuses are run by the parties, not by the state government. This is why procedures tend to be different for GOP and Dems, and votes are not always binding.

• They’re very grassroots, and there’s a good chance there will be a couple political die-hards there and a whole bunch of people who are new at this and don’t quite know what they’re doing.

• If you like, you will probably be able to stand up and make a little speech in support of your candidate or on something you’d like your state party to incorporate in their platform.

• Also if you like, you can put your name forth to go to the local conventions as a representative and really get involved in the political process. I knew a gal in high school who made it all the way to the state convention as a delegate.

• Don’t be surprised if your presidential preference ballot is nothing more than a blank slip of paper that you write the name of your preferred candidate on. In 2008, the slips were purple for Minnesota, but many precincts ran out of the purple paper and resorted to using whatever paper they could get their hands on. They were put in a manila envelope and then counted after the voting deadline had passed.

• Also don’t be surprised if it ends up CROWDED. This election is unusually contentious, and parties tend to estimate turnout by looking at the previous election. In 2008, which was the Obama-Clinton matchup, the Minnesota DFL estimated how much room they’d need by looking at the 2004 turnout and adding 10%. That was…pretty inadequate. I had a friend whose precinct had so many people turn up that they literally could not fit in their designated room and some people were out in the hallway.

• Have fun! Go with a local friend or with your family if you want some company. Heck, go with them anyway, because it’s important that this race not just be decided by the party elites. And it’s kind of fun to really see the nitty-gritty of your government being made.

Helpful links:

Alaska (Republicans only)
Alaska GOP’s page on the caucus, including poll locator 
Alaska GOP’s in depth explanation of the caucus 

American Samoa (Democrats Only)
American Samoa Democratic Party Facebook page is a local newspaper/website that promises to have a territorial Super Tuesday overview on Monday

Colorado (only Democrats voting for president)
Caucus guide from the Denver Post 
Colorado Secretary of State’s Caucus FAQ 
Colorado Dems caucus guide 
Colorado Dems caucus locator 
Colorado GOP explanation of why they have no presidential straw poll 
Colorado GOP caucus locator

Minnesota (all parties)
Caucus guide from MPR 
Minnesota Secretary of State’s caucus info page (includes info on minor party caucuses)
GOP and DFL caucus finder 
MN DFL caucus guide 
MN GOP caucus guide 

Wyoming (Republican…no voting though)
There’s no presidential preference poll, and some of the caucuses have already been held (wtf), but here’s the GOP caucus locator anyhow since there’s quite a few caucuses on March 1.

Here’s the explanation of how Wyoming delegates are selected — basically it won’t be until the county conventions on March 12.

Super Tuesday!


The American primary election process is, by any measure, arcane, drawn-out, and at times maddeningly confusing.

This Tuesday, March 1, is “Super Tuesday,” aka the “SEC Primary,” (the latter comes from a college athletics conference that includes many of the states voting). A whole slew of states are holding primaries and caucuses. I’ll address the basics of How To Caucus in a separate post — it can be a bit confusing the first time, but don’t let that deter you!

Delegates on Super Tuesday will be allotted proportionately — winner-take-all contests aren’t allowed until March 15. Some states do it directly proportional, but many have clauses where the winner will take most of the votes or candidates have to meet a certain threshold before getting delegates. The math for the Republicans, in particular, will probably get complicated.

If you want some great voter guides, Bernie Sanders’ campaign has an easy-to-use state by state breakdown [here] — you can even use it if you’re voting for Hillary! The League of Women Voters has a great non-partisan search tool as well [here], and has an awesome voter’s guide [here] to help you compare candidates — remember, you might have local races that have primaries as well! Be an informed citizen, and remember that local government often has more of an influence on your day-to-day life than the President.

Also, on Tuesday night, check out The Guardian’s live election returns page. If they continue doing what they’ve done so far, they have little animated figures of the candidates coloring in the counties they’ve won while they spout off talking points. It’s adorable and hilarious. 

Answers to FAQs under the cut (corrections welcome):

Keep reading

This post is excellent! Thank you so much for doing this! Also I wanted to add the link to your other post here: [Super Tuesday: Caucusing And You!]

Hello ! Someone asked in tags if the barricade where all the Amis are was near the Halles and the Rue des Prouvaires, and I can’t figure where it was. I tried to find it on your blog, but I couldn’t. Can you help me, please ?


Ooh, I could TRY to descibe it, but I’m gonna punt on this and ask someone I KNOW has better maps at hand than me. 

@vapaus-ystavyys-tasaarvo , help us out, please?:D

Yessss! Always ready to answer map/location questions! xD

Short answer: yes!

Long answer: It was at the western end of Rue de la Chanverrerie (or Chanvrerie or Chanverie depending on who you ask) at the T-shaped crossroads with Rue Mondétour. (At the other end of Rue de la Chanverrerie was Rue Saint-Denis where the guards and soldiers attacked from.) There was a big barricade on the side of Rue de la Chanverrerie and a small barricade on the side of Rue Mondetour on the northern/northeastern side. The other side of Rue Mondetour was open and basically you could just walk down the street to Rue des Prêcheurs, turn right and you’d already be in Les Halles. About 70 meters or 230 feet from the barricade. Rue des Prouvaires was kind of on the other side of Les Halles but still close. Four blocks away or so. Something like 250 metres or 820 feet.

(Rue de la Chanverrerie doesn’t exist anymore. It was joined into Rue Rambuteau. Also Rue des Prêcheurs is much shorter than it used to. If you want to see how it all maps out to the modern location I made a post about it earlier: [link])

Visual answer:


Rue des Prouvaires in pink, the wine-shop Corinthe in cyan and the barricades in red.



Ahhhh I haven’t looked up the details for the South Carolina Democratic primary but I wanted to make at least a little post about it!

Please remember to vote!

Basics: No registration at the polls (boo!), but you don’t have to be a registered Democrat to vote in the primary! You just need to not have voted in the Republican primary because, y’know, double voting. Registered 17 year olds can vote so long as they’ll be 18 by the general election on November 8.

Polls close at 7 pm, and you need a photo ID to vote. A SC driver’s license (not other states!), SC ID card, SC voter registration card with photo, military ID, or passport are all valid. If you’re in line at 7 pm, you have the right to vote.


4.2.1 – The Lark’s field (I)



I did a little bit of research on where the Lark’s field (Champ de l’Alouette) was located and found the following: Most probably, what Hugo calls the “gobelins stream” is a river called La Bièvre (the Beaver river) that, at one points, runs past the Manufacture des Gobelins, located in the Avenue des Gobelins which still exists today. (The picture I linked is dated to 1830, so this is what Marius might have seen on his way there!)

Almost half of La Bièvre runs underground today, including the part near La Glacière that Hugo mentions. According to this page, the stream follows the direction of the Rue Vulpian today. Following the information of the renamed streets on there, I’ve created this map:

The Rue de la Santé runs parallel to the Rue de la Glacière to the west (I didn’t include it on the map in order to keep it from becoming too large). The Rue de la Verrerie where Courfeyrac lives is about 3km from this on the other side of the Seine. Marius, when walking directly from Courfeyrac’s, would have likely come from the north and past Les Gobelins in order to visit the Field of the Lark.

Ack… sorry, to intrude like this but… I’m not entirely sure I trust all this information here? I mean if the Bièvre really runs under Rue Vulpian and that’s where it flowed in canon era then yeah, this should be right but… I can’t see how it could possibly have been there back in the day (I’d love to hear the source for that, though, if I’m wrong). Also this Wikipedia article on Rue Vulpian says nothing about there being a river under it, just that it was the prolongation of Rue Pascal. The articles on the Bièvre (French or English) also say nothing about Rue Vulpian. This GenWeb Wiki article doesn’t say a thing either. Neither does this one.

The only mention that hints at the river being somewhere near Rue Vulpian is this article on a place called Clos Payen (so…. “Payen Enclosure” or something like that?) But even that doesn’t really necessarily imply they overlapped. And this is talking about the 18th century anyway, not the 19th.

But more than that, the maps would make no sense if that was true.

Okay, so, here’s the Girard map from 1830. (Which I found through the same site, as you can see from the url.) I’ll put the detail here:


Here we go. This is a map from canon era.


I marked Rue Pascal here since the map only shows the “Pascal” part way further up. The line in pink is where Rue Vulpian is today in my opinion (since it’s a continuation of Rue Pascal). The cyan is the Bièvre. I mean… to me it seems obvious that they don’t overlap at all. Unless I’m seriously misreading this map here but the streets would have had to have moved around radically if so. It really seems to flow mostly next to Rue Croulebarbe instead

Also to me it looks like the field extended north-east where the Square René Le Gall park is now. So I think it’s fair to say the park is the closest thing we have to the Field of the Lark which is, all in all, not so bad as far as having Brick locations that even slightly correspond to canon era locations in the present.

… Of course now I ended up digging deeper though:

Here’s the same area in the Turgot 1739 map: [link] (note that it’s nearly upside down compared to the newer maps because the old maps faced east and because the perspective is a bit wonky.) Obviously that’s a hundred years earlier but it might give you an idea of what it looked like anyway, just note that it’s old.

This maps from 1771 seems to show the field as if it’s in two pieces (”Champ de” and “Allouette”)

separated by a convent and its grounds, and the aforementioned Clos Payen. That would actually explain why the Turgot map has “Place du Champ de l’Alouete” and “Rue du Champ de l’Alouete” seemingly in different places, as if there were two Champs de l’Alouettes. (Or maybe there was only one but it got divided in two by the convent?) But the western side of the field is further away, beyond Rue de la Glacière rather than by Rue Vulpian:


This misspelling “Allouette” inspired me to try googling it that way and for some reason I had WAY more luck with that. Here, have a specific mention of the location of “Champ de l’Allouette” from a canon era source locating it at the end of Rue de la Barrière which is said to be the other name for Rue Payen which in turn was mentioned in the Clos Payen article to be another name for present day Rue du Champ de l’Alouette which is to say the former Rue du Petit Champ. (This is also obvious in the Turgot map which calls it “Rue de la Bariere”.)


Rue de la Barrière. It leads on one side to the Field of the Lark, on the other to Chemin de Gentilly [= Rue de la Glacière] (…) It was earlier called Rue Payen, because of a house and a big enclosure belonging to an individual who had that name. The enclosure existed still towards the end of the last century [=the 18th: this book is from 1830].”

This would imply that the Field of the Lark was at the east side of the Rue du Champ de l’Alouette = present day Rue Corvisart. (Of course at this point it can’t be on the west end of Rue du Petit Champ since that area seems to be in the process of being filled with houses and yards in the 1830 map so even if it was in two parts it probably wasn’t in canon era anymore.) 

So it would have been the area between Rue Corvisart, Rue des Cordelières and Rue Croulebarbe and the park that’s there today (Square René Le Gall) would have been a part of the field.

Dictionnaire administratif et historique des rues de Paris et de ses monuments (from the 1840′s) seems to confirm this too.


^ The street apparently had no odd numbered addresses, meaning that it had no houses on the left hand side* (viewed from the beginning of the street in the north end so left side is the east side) and that it was named after the “very vast field to which it was opened”. (Or something like that. I’m too tired to translate French right now but you get the point.)

* Odd numbered houses in Paris are always on the left viewed from where the street starts and this was true in the 19th century too. [longer explanation]

… whoah that ended up being a long post. I’m like 90% sure there are like a ton of ridiculous mistakes and typoes there but I’m too tired/lazy to proofread this.

TL;DR: In my opinion, Champ de l’Alouette is basically the same as Square René Le Gall except it used to be bigger. (The part @grande-ere marked might have been a part of it, though. Or at last the south-eastern corner of that area? I’m not sure.)

Oh and hey, thank you for making this post and explaining all those historical facts about area!

The page linked in the original post already has a bunch of pictures from Square René Le Gall so that’s nice. I have a bunch more which I could post now actually. It’s been over a year since I took them. xD


@grande-ere & @tenlittlebullets turns out your sources weren’t as wrong as I thought! I just got the Petit atlas pittoresque de Paris and this is what that location looks like there: (sorry for the bad picture)

Second version with the river highlighted:


So what was actually going on is that the river branches under Boulevard St. Jacques and then rejoins itself again somewhere under Rue Pascal or Rue Mouffetard so that between these two points it’s like there are two rivers side by side. The second branch doesn’t align with modern Rue Vulpian completely but based on this it might align with its southern end. 

This doesn’t change the location of the Champ de l’Alouette (although it does mean that apparently the river also flows through it) but I just wanted to make that correction.

Now that I check those other maps, they did have these other branches but they was depicted as so straight and linear that I thought it was meant to be a wall or something! So apparently the river did have a branch that might have lined up at least roughly with modern Rue Vulpian. Based on the other maps they don’t seem to line up but that might just be a distortion.

Funny that Girard is missing the side branches entirely, though. It just has the two main branches. Usually I tend to trust Girard a lot and it has been generally more reliable but this is a strike against using it alone. (Although I still think Girard and Collin are still the most accurate overall. I’ve already found a bunch of mistakes in Petit Atlas when it comes to street alignment and relative distances. That clearly wasn’t a priority for this atlas which is fair enough. It has other useful information.)


@pilferingapples this is for you because for all that I jest about life-threatening stuffy noses I bet Joly sometimes got worn out by a hard day’s revolutionizing and needed a cup of tea and to listen to Musichetta reading poetry.

(He only normally reads medical textbooks and weird science stuff but she Refused).

(Not pictured: a couple of seconds later, Bossuet misjudges his balance and somehow lands face-first on the edge of the sofa)

Ahhhh this is the most adorablest! 

♥ There’s something I really love about your art style btw. I can’t explain what exactly, it’s just cool.



The Little Picturesque Atlas of Paris!

AHAHA it even says “The Paris of Balzac – The Paris of Les Misérables” 😀 They clearly know their target groups!

It’s amazing! So much detail! So much info!

Also it’s huuuuge. I mean the book is way bigger than I expected? I mean maybe I should have expected big because it’s an “atlas” but it’s just one city… And besides this is bigger than any atlas I own. It’s like 40 cm x 30 cm.



What’s with all these grimdark AUs of Les Miserables I’ve been seeing lately? Like I saw this one where they killed off Enjolras, Joly, Grantaire , Bahorel, all of the barricade boys. And even Gavroche! Like I don’t want to insult anyone’s writing but that’s gratuitous. Like killing off one character? Sure, fine. But every single one of the barricade boys? I don’t get it. Why don’t people run with the canon ending, where they succeed at revolution and Jean Valjean adopts Eponine, Gavroche and Azelma, and Enjolras and Grantaire finally smooch and Bahorel adopts a puppy with cute little feet and a very wiggly nose? Do they find that boring or something?

I guess I’ll just never understand…

It’s baffling! I mean those grimdark endings totally miss the beauty of Feuilly and Combeferre opening a traveling library once the Republic’s steady, and why would you NOT want to have that? So strange.